GARDENING

Vegetables, Fertilizers,

Take Advantage of your Kitchen Leftovers, here's How to Make Organic Fertilizer


Use leftovers in the kitchen to make compost. For mothers who like gardening at home, it is necessary to listen to the following method of making compost. Compost is organic material that has undergone a weathering process due to interactions between microorganisms or spoilage bacteria that work in the organic material.

Basically, all organic matter will gradually weather and decompose by itself. The result of weathering of organic matter is commonly known to the public as compost. Compost is one type of organic fertilizer that is widely known in the community. Compost comes from the weathering of organic materials, either intentionally or unintentionally. When fully defined, compost is the remains of organic matter that has undergone weathering, has changed its shape (became like soil), has no odor, and contains elements needed by plants. Compost is also a type of organic fertilizer that comes from the decomposition/decomposition of organic matter carried out by active micro-organisms.

There are various benefits of using compost in plant cultivation. The addition of compost to the growing media has the following benefits and advantages:

  1. It is a complete source of macro and micromineral nutrients, although in relatively small amounts.
  2. In the long term, compost can improve the pH of acidic soils.
  3. Contains humus which is needed for increasing macro and micronutrients in the soil
  4. to loosen the ground
  5. Increases the water absorption capacity of the soil
  6. Increases soil microbial activity
  7. Suppress plant growth/disease attack

Along with the development of science and various studies that have been carried out, nowadays more and more varied materials and methods of making compost are known. In fact, composting must also be adjusted to the purpose of composting, so that the ingredients and benefits of compost will be as expected.

How to make compost from household waste

How to make compost from household organic waste can be done individually. However, it would be better if you do it in groups or on a large scale so that the benefits provided are also more and more.
Here are the ingredients, tools, and how to make compost that you can follow:

Materials for Making Compost:
  1. Household waste
  2. Soil
  3. Enough water
  4. husk charcoal
  5. An activator is a substance that will activate the work of decomposing organisms so that it will accelerate the process of decay and decomposition of organic matter. There are many types of activators on the market, one of which is commonly used is EM4.
Compost Making Equipment:
  1. Cutting or chopping tools, such as knives.
  2. Places to accommodate trash can use used paint buckets and other used containers.
  3. Mixer and gloves.
  4. A bucket or container for dissolving the activator.
How to Make Compost Fertilizer: 
  1. Chop household organic waste into small pieces (the smaller it is, the faster the composting takes place).
  2. Add finished compost or soil or manure or sawdust as inoculants.
  3.  Dissolve the activator with water. Pour the compost activator or starter solution (eg EM4) into the compost material. Stir well.
  4. Add more activator solution if the mixture is too dry.
  5. Put in a composting container and close tightly.
  6. Stir once a week for good aeration (airflow) in the container.
  7.  During the composting process, the temperature in the container will rise which indicates that the microorganisms are working.
  8. Entering week 7-8 composting is complete, and the temperature in the container will return to normal.
  9. The finished compost is ready to use. Screening can already be done. Good compost is dark brown in color, has an earthy smell, and is fine-grained.

Household Organic Waste That Can't Be Used as Compost Fertilizer

Not all household organic waste can be used as compost. The reason is, that there are some organic wastes that do not contribute to making compost, namely:
  1. Cooking oil
  2.  Diseased plants
  3.  Metallic wrapping paper
  4. Walnuts
  5. Glass
  6. Metal food and beverage boxes
Well, that was a review on how to make your own compost using household organic waste. Good luck making your own at home.

10 Benefits of Banana Peel for Health that are Rarely Known


Not only the fruit, but banana peel also has many benefits. Of course, you can get the benefits of the banana peel by using it regularly. Don't worry, you can wear it easily. The nutritional content of banana peels is generally not much different from the fruit. The following are various nutritional content found in banana peels:

  1. Fiber
  2. Vitamins, including vitamin B6 and vitamin B12
  3. Minerals, in the form of magnesium and potassium
  4. Unsaturated fats
  5. Essential amino acids

Not only that, but banana peels also contain many antioxidants, such as phenolics, flavonoids, tannins, carotenoids, and polyphenols. Banana peels are also known to contain anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial compounds that are effective against bacteria, fungi, and yeast.


Here are the benefits of banana peels for health:

1. Provides Health for Hair

Banana peel can be used to maintain healthy hair. Manufacturers of natural products for health and cosmetics recommend using banana peels as an ingredient in hair masks. This material will make our hair softer and shinier. This is because the banana peel contains antioxidants that can neutralize hair from free radicals and keep it strong and healthy.

2. Caring for facial skin

There are many benefits of banana peels for facial skin health, ranging from brightening the skin, reducing wrinkles, relieving puffy eyes, moisturizing the skin, disguising acne scars, overcoming psoriasis, to removing warts.

3. Itchy medicine

You can use banana peels as an itchy skin remedy, lo. Especially if the skin feels itchy due to insect bites, such as mosquitoes. The benefits of banana peels are caused by the content in bananas. Starting from magnesium, vitamin E, vitamin C, and so on. The trick, stick a banana peel on the itchy skin area for 10 to 15 minutes. Repeat this method several times a day. The goal is that itchy skin can disappear faster. 

4. Teeth Whitening

Are you looking for a way to whiten your teeth? If so, try to use banana peels. Banana peel contains high potassium so it can remove yellow stains caused by certain foods or drinks. For example, after you consume coffee or tea. You need to brush your teeth clean first. Next, rub the inside of the banana peel on your teeth for about two minutes, and then rinse your mouth with water. To get maximum results, try to do this every day.

5. Relieves headaches

Cold compresses are one of the most effective natural headache remedies. Cooled banana peels can be a substitute for a compress if you don't have one at home. The trick is to place the cooled banana peel on the forehead and behind the neck.

6. Cure Acne

If you have a pimple that looks watery or has contents inside, using a banana peel can also help heal the pimple. Take a banana peel and massage it on our face every day. Try to allow one week to see the immediate results. Massage your face with banana peels every day until the acne disappears. Do this method 2 times a day to feel the amazing benefits of banana peels.

7. Remove Warts

Although not painful, warts on the skin can be annoying. Banana peel can cure warts and prevent them from coming back. Rub a banana peel on warts or sleep with a banana peel tied overnight on the wart and see the benefits of this banana peel.

8. Disguise Scars

Scars sometimes lower a person's confidence. Especially if it appears on the skin that is easily visible to others. To overcome this, you need to stick the banana peel on the scar for at least an hour. Repeat this method every day so that the scars disappear faster.

9. Prevent cancer

The benefits of antioxidants for health have been widely studied. The higher the antioxidant level, the stronger its ability to ward off free radicals that cause various diseases, including cancer. Raw banana peels are believed to be richer in antioxidants, such as polyphenols and carotenoids. Therefore, the consumption of raw banana peels is believed to reduce your risk of developing cancer. However, this benefit is still limited to animals and needs further investigation in humans.

10. Removes Dead Skin Cells

The next benefit of banana peels is that they can remove dead skin cells on your face. The method is also easy, you know, take a banana peel and puree it until it becomes like a mask dough, then apply it to the surface of the facial skin evenly. Let stand for 10-15 minutes and wash with clean water. Do this every day, so you can get the maximum benefits of banana peels.

That's the benefit of banana peels that are very good for the body. Good luck at home.

8 Natural Ingredients to Fertilize Plants, Easily Available

 


Gardening or farming is a hobby that many people are interested in. Especially when you spend a lot of time at home as is the case today. Various ornamental plants with various shapes and colors were hunted to be a complement to home decoration. If you are one of those people who like to grow crops, you definitely need a supply of fertilizer to help fertilize your garden.

Fertilizing plants do not have to use chemical fertilizers or compost. With simple and natural ingredients, you can also help fertilize plants. There are many natural fertilizers that you can use in your garden or in the soil. Plants need three nutrients to survive and thrive: Potassium, Phosphorus, and Nitrogen. Although store-bought chemical fertilizers usually contain these nutrients, you can also provide them to plants without harsh chemicals by simply making your own.

Some of these fertilizers can be made or collected at home using common items from the kitchen or backyard. Natural ingredients to fertilize this plant can be easily found. Even these materials are waste that is often thrown away.

Materials such as drink dregs, fruit peels, and leaves should not be thrown away. You can collect them to be used as fertilizer. Here are natural ingredients to fertilize plants : 

1. Firewood ash

The first natural fertilizer that can help plants thrive is firewood ash. This material can neutralize acidic soil because it contains a fairly high alkali. Before applying it, test the acidity level of the growing media used by using pH test equipment. Before adding it to the growing medium, make sure the firewood ash is cool to the touch.

2. Eggshell

Natural fertilizer for the next plant is egg shells. Kitchen waste is often overlooked and thrown away. In fact, egg shells can also provide benefits for plants. The trick is simply by washing the eggshell, saving and crushing it to use in your garden. This eggshell contains 93% calcium carbonate.

3. Banana peel

The natural fertilizer for the latter plant is banana peel. Besides humans, plants like roses also like potassium. Just bury the bark next to the rosebush for it to compost naturally. As the rose grows, bury the bark into the top layer of soil. Both approaches will provide much-needed potassium for plant growth.

4. Coffee grounds

Coffee grounds come with many uses, but one of the best is as a fertilizer. Recycle coffee grounds to help acidify the soil. Many plants, such as blueberries, roses, and tomatoes, thrive in acidic soils. You can sprinkle coffee grounds into plant pots. You can also soak up to six cups of used coffee grounds for up to a week to make fertilizer from coffee grounds.

5. Leaf

The natural fertilizer for the fourth plant is leaves. The leaves are rich in trace minerals, attract earthworms, retain moisture, and help lighten heavy soils. You can use the leaves in two ways: work them into the soil (or mix crushed leaves into potting soil), or use them as mulch to fertilize your plants and prevent weeds.

6. Onion skin

Onions are a great source of calcium, potassium, magnesium, and more. Instead of removing the onion skin, use it to make organic, potassium-rich fertilizer for all plants. It can increase disease resistance, stronger growth, stems, and productivity. Take a few pieces of onion peel, then soak the onion skin overnight. The next day the soaking water and onion skin can be sprinkled onto the plants as a natural fertilizer.

7. Aquarium water

Aquarium water can actually help plants thrive. However, make sure the water used is fresh water, not salt water. Waste and bacteria in aquarium water have benefits for plants. Even so, make sure to use this method only for ornamental plants, not herbs, vegetable plants, or plants that can be consumed.

8. Jelly

Jelly can be a good source of nitrogen. Agar is made from seaweed which contains trace elements and actually serves as a food source for soil microbes. Dissolve 1 packet of gelatin in 1 cup of hot water and then add 3 cups of cold water. Pour directly into the soil around the plant once a month. This jelly fertilizer can be a good fertilizer for ornamental plants.

There are many types of natural fertilizers that you can use for plants in your garden. Some of these fertilizers even consist of waste that is often thrown away

4 Ways to Use Banana Peels to Become Organic Fertilizer


Banana is one of the tropical fruits that are very commonly found in Indonesia. Bananas are not only consumed raw. There are so many other food creations that are processed from bananas. With its various benefits, banana peel waste is a problem in itself. Besides being able to disturb the view, banana peels that are not immediately stockpiled or thrown away will give rise to an unpleasant odor which is certainly very disturbing.

Therefore, at this time, a lot of research and development has begun to be carried out regarding the processing of banana peels. The most famous is the recent discovery that shows the potential benefits of banana peels as organic fertilizer.

It is known, that banana peels are rich in vitamins and minerals, including potassium. Well, these substances are important nutrients that plants need to grow properly. There are 4 ways to use banana peels as plant fertilizer.

1. Liquid fertilizer from banana peel

Liquid fertilizer from banana peels can increase the blooming of flowers. We simply cut the banana peel to 1 inch. Then, put it in a clean glass jar. Then, fill it with water. Leave the jar in a fairly sunny place for 24 hours. later, the water will turn brown. Use the banana peel liquid fertilizer to water the plants


2. Banana peel for compost

We can also use banana peels as compost. To do this, cut the banana peel into 1-inch pieces. Then, put the banana peel pieces in a compost container.


3. Bury the banana peel on the ground

Banana peels can also be used directly by burying them in the ground. This is an effective way to get nutrients into the soil. Even if we don't have room for compost.


4. Put the banana peel between the plants

When growing staghorn, elkhorn, orchid, and similar plants, place the banana peel between the plant and the supported tree trunk. When placed in a certain position, banana peels are able to gradually degrade and release nutrients when the plant is watered or rained.

Thus the latest information regarding the use of banana peels as organic fertilizer. Besides being able to reduce waste, the presence of liquid organic fertilizer from banana peels is also expected to reduce chemical exposure to agricultural products so that plants become safer for consumption and are also free of pesticides.

What is Inorganic Fertilizer? Know the Advantages and Disadvantages


Inorganic fertilizers or chemical fertilizers are derived from inorganic materials with certain nutrients or minerals. Examples of this fertilizer are urea (containing nitrogen), SP-36 (containing phosphorus), and NPK (containing nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium). This type of fertilizer contains nutrients in a simpler form.

The advantage of inorganic fertilizers is that they decompose faster so they are absorbed more quickly by plants. Therefore, inorganic fertilizers are needed in small quantities. The use of inorganic fertilizers is also easier because the nutritional content has been measured and contained in the form of concentrate. The disadvantages of inorganic fertilizers are easy to leave chemical residues that can interfere with soil and human health. These residues can also cause an imbalance of nutrients in the soil. In addition, inorganic fertilizers are also fast release so their application must be done more often. Inorganic fertilizers are also relatively more expensive and cannot be produced alone.

Advantages of Inorganic Fertilizer

There are several advantages of inorganic fertilizers that need to be known. The following explanation is quoted from the manual for the use of fertilizers by Pinus Lingga.

  1. The application can be measured precisely because the nutrient dose of inorganic fertilizers is generally right.
  2. Plant needs for nutrients can be met with the right ratio. For example, until harvest time, cassava absorbs 200 kilograms of nitrogen nutrients per hectare, so it can be replaced with the right dose of N fertilizer.
  3. Inorganic fertilizers are available in sufficient quantities. The point is, that the need for fertilizer can be met easily as long as there is money.
  4. Inorganic fertilizers are easy to transport because they are relatively small compared to organic fertilizers such as compost or manure. The calculation result of the transportation cost of this fertilizer is also much cheaper than organic fertilizer.

Weaknesses of Inorganic Fertilizer

Inorganic fertilizers have several disadvantages. Besides only having macro elements, there are very few micronutrients in inorganic fertilizers. It is even known to contain almost no micro-nutrients.

The provision of inorganic fertilizers through the roots needs to be balanced with the use of foliar fertilizers that contain lots of micronutrients. If not added, plant growth is not perfect. In addition, the continuous use of inorganic fertilizers can damage the soil. Especially if it is not balanced with manure or compost.


Inorganic fertilizer ash on plants should not be given too much because it can make the plant die. Therefore, the use of inorganic fertilizers must follow and comply with the rules.

Organic vs Inorganic Fertilizer, Check Out the Strengths and Weaknesses Here


There are quite a lot of fertilizers on the market today, consisting of various types, shapes, and varieties. If distinguished from the raw materials, fertilizers can be classified into two types, namely organic fertilizers and inorganic fertilizers.

Organic fertilizers are fertilizers made from plants or animals, which have gone through a process of engineering and decay. Has a solid or liquid form, to be used as a supplier of organic matter that plays an important role in improving the chemical, biological, and physical properties of the soil. This compost fertilizer is almost 100% free from harmful chemicals because the basic ingredients for making it are natural.

Meanwhile, inorganic fertilizers are fertilizers that are made or consist of active chemicals. The result of the process of mixing, manufacturing, and chemical engineering. But still through the process of chemical engineering, physical, to biological. This Inorganic Fertilizer, is produced by many factories and widely circulated in the market. In addition, this fertilizer is preferred by farmers, because it is more efficient and practical to use.

Organic fertilizer

Organic fertilizers are fertilizers obtained from weathering and decomposition of organic materials that exist in nature, for example, manure, compost, and green manure. Based on its properties, it is classified as a slow-release fertilizer, namely a fertilizer whose release rate is rather slow.

The advantages of organic fertilizers 

  1. To improve soil structure, organic fertilizers make the soil structure crumbly and loose. 
  2. Increasing the absorption of soil to water causes it not easy to lose water, especially in the dry season. 
  3. Contains complete nutrients, although the levels are not as much as inorganic fertilizers. 
  4. Increase the activity of soil microorganisms, soil microorganisms help break down organic matter into compounds or elements that can be directly absorbed by plants. For example, converting fruit waste into Nitrate (NO3) or Diphosphorus pentaoxide (P2O5)

Disadvantages of organic fertilizers

  1. From the nutritional level, it is difficult to determine the nutrient content, even though the sampling test is still not known for certain and precisely elemental content. 
  2. The levels are not as high as inorganic fertilizers. The level of solubility, and the constituent materials are not simple elements that can be absorbed directly by plants. 
  3. The rate of release of nutrients, and the decomposition process takes a long time, so its performance is rather slow compared to inorganic fertilizers. 
  4. The effectiveness of absorption, from the same weight for example 100 kg of NPK fertilizer, nutrients N, P, K that can be absorbed by plants in inorganic fertilizers is 64% of the weight of fertilizer, while in organic fertilizers is only 1%.

Inorganic Fertilizer 

Inorganic fertilizer is a term for fertilizer made in fertilizer factories, by taking (mining) mineral materials such as sodium nitrate from nature, then processed and processed to be packaged in certain nutrient levels. Examples, Urea, ZA, SP36 fertilizers, and others. Inorganic fertilizers are composed of chemical elements and compounds that are easily dissolved and ready to be absorbed by plants without requiring a decomposition process. Therefore, inorganic fertilizers besides being called artificial fertilizers are also known as chemical fertilizers.

    The advantages of Inorganic fertilizers 

    1. From the nutritional level, if it is difficult to determine the nutrient content of organic fertilizers, inorganic or chemical fertilizers, the nutrient dosage is right because it has been previously calculated at the factory. 
    2. The need is not as much as organic fertilizer so it is easy to move, and of course cost-effective. For example, chili plants for an area of one hectare require 100 kg of za fertilizer, but the manure ranges from 15-20 tons. 
    3. The level of solubility, and the constituent materials are simple elements so that they can be easily absorbed directly by plants. 
    4. The rate of release of nutrients, from the same weight, the reaction is faster causing the absorption to be faster and more effective than organic fertilizers.

    Disadvantages of Inorganic fertilizers

    1. The application of chemical fertilizers will be effective if the dose is appropriate, the application of inorganic or chemical fertilizers if excessive will make the soil acidic. 
    2. This is because mineral fertilizers that are not absorbed by plants when reacting with water (H2O) in the soil will form acidic compounds. 
    3. In addition to increasing soil acidity, the use of chemical fertilizers for a long time if not balanced with the use of organic fertilizers will have a negative impact, including the death of microorganisms in the soil that function as decomposers of organic compounds. 
    4. The nutrient content is not as complete as organic fertilizers, inorganic fertilizers generally only contain macro fertilizers (N, P, K). Inorganic fertilizers are expensive and sometimes scarce.
    So, those are the differences between organic and inorganic fertilizers that you can know. I hope it will be useful for your knowledge...

      Don't Throw! These are 6 Benefits of Banana Peel for Plants


      Banana peels are often considered trash by some people. Most people will throw away the banana peel after eating or picking up the fruit. It turns out that banana peels can still be used, you know. Banana peels contain nutrients that are beneficial for plants. If you have a hobby of farming, including caring for vegetables, you can use banana peels so that your plants thrive.

      Banana peels contain various nutrients, including potassium and phosphorus. Both are important nutrients in fertilizers. Banana peel will lose its nutrients if the banana peel is dried because most of the nutrients contained in it will be lost and its content is lower than ordinary fertilizer. For that, avoid drying banana peels to be used as fertilizer. The following are the benefits of banana peels for plants and how to apply them : 

      1. Fertilize plants

      Banana peel has a potassium content of 42 percent, banana peel can be used as fertilizer and really helps fertilize plants. The banana peel itself is the highest source of organic potassium among organic ingredients that contain potassium.


      2. Preventing Diseases in Plants

      Banana peel has a fairly high organic potassium content, which is about 42 percent. These ingredients can help strengthen plant stems and fight disease. You can put banana peels near the plants or you can mix them in the compost.

      3. Helping Roots Absorb Nutrients

      If the plant roots are not able to absorb nutrients properly, it can interfere with plant growth. Banana peel is useful for helping the absorption of nutrients from the roots. We can make banana peels as liquid fertilizer.

      4. Prevent plants from wilting quickly

      Another nutritional content found in banana peels is potassium. These nutrients can help plants withstand drought, so plants do not wither quickly. Plants can survive in the dry season because of banana peel fertilizer. The planting medium also remains moist if you use banana peels as liquid fertilizer for plants.

      5. Helping Roots Absorb Nutrients

      If the plant roots are not able to absorb nutrients properly, it can interfere with plant growth. Banana peel is useful for helping the absorption of nutrients from the roots. We can make banana peels as liquid fertilizer. In this way, the fertilizer can get into the plant's roots quickly and help it absorb nutrients in the soil.

      6. Make Plants Flowering Fast

      Banana peels also contain natural nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and magnesium. These nutrients will be easily absorbed by plants when they are decomposed. You can mix banana peels into compost, then give it to plants. If all the nutrients needed by plants have been met, then the plants will thrive and flower quickly.

      There are some bananas that are sprayed with pesticides, so they cannot use them to fertilize plants. you can only use organic bananas to make it as plant fertilizer.

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