10 Types of Cucumber You Need to Know Before Cooking

This one fruit is known to contain many nutrients. Its delicious taste makes it often used as processed food, drinks, or vegetables. If you eat fried rice, you certainly won't miss the accompanying vegetable, namely cucumber. In addition to fried rice, cucumbers are also often used as pickles for other main dishes. If in Indonesia we only know one type of medium-sized cucumber with green and white stripes, it turns out that cucumbers have many types, you know.

Some are long and some are short. Well, for more details, let's see the article.

1. Armenian Cucumber

Armenian cucumber has other names, namely snake melon or snake cucumber. This cucumber has a long shape with a green color and a paler green stripe. The taste is light and when ripe it will be yellow in color. Cucumber is suitable for eaten directly with the skin or used in salads. A tip for choosing Armenian cucumbers is to choose one that is 11-15 inches long which takes about 55-75 days.

2. Cucumber hothouse

Hothouse cucumbers are called British cucumbers or European cucumbers. Hothouse cucumbers include expensive types of cucumbers because the planting process is usually carried out in a greenhouse. The shape tends to be thin, and smooth-skinned and the majority do not have seeds. These cucumbers have a milder taste and are perfect for salads or canapés. The best option is to choose one that is 12-24 inches long.

3. American cucumber

American cucumbers are called slicing cucumbers. Not too long, green and yellowish at the ends. Cucumber also has a thick skin so it has a longer shelf life. Because the skin is thick, to eat cucumber, it is highly recommended to peel the skin first. The best option for picking these cucumbers is to pick one that is 8-10 inches long.

4. Cucumber Kirby

The Kirby Cucumber is a type of cucumber that has small, small seeds, tough but fresh flesh, and is usually unwaxed. That makes the Kirby cucumber a chef's favorite cucumber. The crunchy and light taste is perfect for making pickled cucumbers. The best cucumber to choose from can be seen from its length which measures 3-6 inches.

5. Cucumber lemon

As the name implies, this cucumber is shaped like a lemon, round like a fist. Lemon cucumbers are yellow when ripe, and have a crunchy and light flesh texture. The taste is soft and sweet so it is suitable for salads, salsa, or eating directly. To choose a good lemon cucumber, choose one that is the size of a tennis ball.

6. Cucumber gherkins

Gherkins cucumbers include cucumbers that have a short size and have another name cornichon. Has wavy skin color and tends to be light green. Cucumber is usually eaten directly, but there are also made pickles or friends to drink bloody mary. For the best pick, choose cucumbers that are 2-3 inches in size.

7. Japanese Cucumber

This Japanese cucumber, also known as kyuri, has the shape of an English cucumber but is longer. Japanese cucumbers are dark green, wavy, slender, and with thin skin. Japanese cucumbers have a crunchy texture and sweet taste so they can be eaten immediately, besides that the seeds are also small. Besides being eaten raw, these cucumbers are usually served as an ingredient in salads, crudité, or sandwiches.

8. Persian Cucumber

Persian cucumbers have a shape similar to American cucumbers although they are longer and fatter. It reaches 10-15 inches in length with a few seeds inside. Persian cucumber has a crunchy taste, dark green skin color while the flesh tends to be light green inside. Persian cucumbers can be served raw as in salads or cooked usually on pizza.

9. Cucumber Suri

I said Timun Suri is the older brother of Indonesian cucumbers. Its size is 10 times bigger than other cucumbers. In contrast to other types of cucumber, which is better consumed when it is still young. Cucumber Suri is actually enjoyed when ripe. Because it tastes sweet. So if in Indonesia, cucumber suri is widely processed as a drink. This suri cucumber is also included in the group of Ramadan fruits. Entering this holy month, cucumber Suri is widely sold on the roadside.

10. Cucumber Krai

Cucumber krai has smooth skin. Green in color with white stripes that are clearly visible. The flesh of the fruit is not too juicy and slightly yellowish in color. In my village, krai is usually used as a salad ingredient. Some people mix it directly while it's still fresh. Some boil it first. The more I come here, it feels like I'm starting to rarely see this krai cucumber on the market. Maybe I should plant it later.

Different cucumbers have different textures, and it turns out that there are many types of cucumbers. Not only for pickles, cucumbers can also be eaten directly or as friends for drinking.

6 Side Effects of Eating Too Much Cucumber

Cucumber is known to have many benefits. 300 grams of unpeeled raw cucumber contains 45 calories, 11 grams of carbohydrates, vitamin C, vitamin K, and so on.

However, did you know that cucumber also has side effects if you eat too much of it?

Fresh cucumbers can trigger unwanted conditions in the body. Although it sounds strange, these healthy foods can have negative effects if we eat too much of them.

Cucumber side effects to watch out for

Cucumber is actually a relatively safe vegetable for daily consumption. However, when we consume too much of it, there are side effects that can arise. The following are the side effects of cucumber that you need to watch out for.

1. Disrupt the blood clotting process

Cucumbers contain high levels of vitamin K. When you consume them in large portions, the blood clotting process in the body can be disrupted due to too high levels of vitamin K in the body. If you're taking blood-thinning medications like warfarin, it's a good idea not to eat a lot of cucumbers. If necessary, consult a doctor before consuming cucumber.

2. Inviting allergic reactions

Some people have been shown to have experienced allergies to cucumbers. If you are one of them, it is best to avoid cucumbers of any kind. Symptoms of a cucumber allergy include:
  • skin rash
  • Swelling
  • Hard to breathe.
Be careful, this one side effect of cucumber can cause anaphylaxis or a very dangerous allergic reaction. Immediately come to the doctor if you experience shortness of breath after eating cucumber.

3. Contains compounds that can be toxic

According to various studies, the content of cucumbers, such as cucurbitacin and tetracyclic triterpenoids, can cause toxic effects on the body. These two compounds give a slightly bitter taste when you eat cucumbers. Experts even state that consuming too much cucumber can be life-threatening. Therefore, limit your cucumber portion and don't overeat it.

4. Causes fluid loss from the body

Cucumber is one of the vegetables that contain the most water content. But who would have thought, the side effects of cucumber can cause fluid loss in the body? Cucumber seeds contain cucurbitin, which is a compound that has diuretic properties so that the intensity of urination increases. However, cucumber's diuretic properties are mild. That is why when consuming cucumbers in reasonable amounts is considered safe. However, when you eat too many cucumbers, cucurbitin will cause the body to lose fluids so that the electrolyte balance is not maintained.

5. Excess vitamin C

Cucumbers contain abundant levels of vitamin C. These nutrients are very important to keep the body's immune system from diseases, such as colds or flu. Vitamin C is also an antioxidant that can fight free radicals. However, when you consume too much cucumber, excessive levels of vitamin C can actually attack the body. It can also cause the emergence of free radicals that can cause disease.

6. Causes flatulence

As explained above, cucumber contains cucurbitacin. These compounds can cause disturbances in the digestive system, especially those with sensitive digestive systems. In fact, consuming too much cucurbitacin is believed to cause flatulence. If you have experienced flatulence due to eating onions, cabbage, and broccoli, it is advisable not to eat cucumbers in high amounts.

10 Benefits of Cucumber, Many Don't Know, Here!


Cucumber or Cucumis sativus is one of the fruits that is quite popular in Indonesia to be used as pickles, vegetables and fresh drinks. This fruit has a high water content, so it feels refreshing when consumed. In addition to refreshing, it turns out that cucumbers have many benefits for the health of the body. Such as its ability to treat various diseases, including diabetes to provide a calming effect on skin irritation.

In addition to its health benefits, cucumber is also beneficial for beauty thanks to the presence of vitamin A and vitamin C which act as antioxidants.

Benefits and Efficacy of Cucumber for Health

Consuming cucumber is very good for health, especially if consumed wisely every day. Well, to find out more about cucumbers, check the information below, Toppers.

Cucumber Nutritional Content

The nutritional content in 300 grams (g) of unpeeled unpeeled cucumbers is as follows:
  • Calories: 45 calories
  • Carbohydrates: 11 g
  • Protein: 2 g
  • Fiber: 2 g
  • Vitamin C: 14% of the Nutritional Adequacy Rate (RDA)
  • Vitamin K: 62% of RDA
  • Magnesium: 10% of the RDA
  • Potassium: 13% of RDA
  • Manganese: 12% of the RDA
In addition, cucumber has an abundant water content which is about 96% water which helps overcome dehydration. It includes fruits that are low in calories, but contain high vitamins and minerals.

Benefits of Consuming Cucumber

With such abundant nutrients, it's no wonder that this fresh fruit has a myriad of benefits. Here are the benefits that you can get:

1. Rich in Antioxidants

One of the bad effects of being exposed to free radicals is that they can cause oxidative stress, which can lead to heart disease, cancer, autoimmune, and lung disease. Cucumber is very rich in antioxidants useful to reduce the condition. Cucumber antioxidants contain flavonoids and tannins which are two compounds that are very effective in blocking harmful free radicals.

2. Maintain bone health

According to the United States Department of Agriculture, unpeeled raw cucumber contains 10.2 mcg of vitamin K. Vitamin K is beneficial for supporting bone health and helping with blood clotting. In addition, cucumber also contains 19.9 mg of calcium. Vitamin K helps the absorption of calcium in the body and both contribute to maintaining healthy bones.

3. Cucumber is good for the heart

Citing medicalnewstoday.com site, cucumber contains fiber to prevent cardiovascular (heart disease). According to The American Heart Association (AHA), fiber helps manage cholesterol and prevent cardiovascular disease. The content of magnesium and potassium in cucumbers is good for heart health. Dietary guidelines recommend adults consume 4,700 milligrams (mg) of potassium daily and 310-410 mg of magnesium, depending on gender and age.

5. Prevent Diabetes

Cucumber helps lower blood sugar, to stop blood glucose from rising too high. According to studies, cucumber skin contains antioxidants. Consumption of these vegetables can regulate the release of insulin, liver glycogen metabolism when processing blood sugar.

6. Lose weight

The next benefit of cucumber is that it has the potential to help you lose weight, because cucumber contains low calories. This means you can eat cucumbers without worrying about the impact on weight gain. You can consume it in the form of salads, sandwiches, or side dishes on several food menus. In addition, the high water content can help in significant weight loss.

7. Controlling Blood Sugar Levels

Based on several studies explain that cucumber has been proven to be effective in lowering blood sugar levels and preventing diabetes complications. Consumption of cucumber as a juice drink can help increase a special hormone needed by the pancreas to produce insulin.

8. Launch the Digestive System

One of the factors that cause constipation is due to lack of fluids in the body or dehydration. Eating cucumber can help facilitate bowel movements, so that it will avoid constipation. In addition, cucumber contains fiber that can help regulate bowel movements. The type of fiber found in cucumbers is pectin. Pectin itself is a type of soluble fiber that can help increase the frequency of bowel movements and nourish the digestive system.

9. Strengthens Bones

Calcium is not the only source of nutrients that can help nourish bones. The vitamin K in cucumbers can also help strengthen bones. One study found that post-menopausal women who took 5 mg of vitamin K daily had a lower risk of fractures than those who did not take vitamin K.

10. Maintaining Intestinal Health

Maintaining gut health is also one of the benefits of cucumber. Cucumbers contain lots of fiber which is good for supporting gut health, especially when consumed in pickled form. Pickled cucumbers coupled with some of the right mix of salt and vinegar will undergo a fermentation process that makes them the perfect fuel for the intestines.

How to Make Fertilizer from Shallot Skin, Easy, Just 3 Steps

Maybe not many people know about the benefits of onion skin for plants, so it is often thrown away. Come on, find out the benefits and how to use it in this article! Shallot skin is usually always set aside and thrown away because it is considered unnecessary. In fact, this onion skin has benefits, lo! One of them is for plants.

Shallot skin contains important substances such as potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, to nitrogen which are beneficial for plants. Onion skin is a rich source of potassium which is good for plants. Using onion fertilizer will also increase plant resistance to disease, growth, and also strong stems.

How to make fertilizer from onion skin

To make this liquid organic fertilizer, you need to store onion skins that are commonly used in the kitchen. Whether in an eco-friendly trash can or any bag, continue to collect the peel every day. If it has been collected, follow these steps:

  1. Put 3 to 4 handfuls of onion peel in a liter of water.
  2. Cover the hole in the container properly and leave it for 24 hours or 48 hours. Storing it for 48 hours will give you more benefits.
  3. Strain the onion water mixture and use the liquid part. You can use the solid residue from the onion to make vermicompost or worm compost.

How to use fertilizer from onion skin

Once you know how to make it, you also need to know how to use it. You can actually use this organic liquid fertilizer from shallots in the form of a spray. However, before applying it, dilute it first by mixing 100 to 200 ml of liquid fertilizer in one liter of water. After that, apply the amount according to the needs of the plant.

You are also advised to use it once every week to increase plant resistance to diseases and pests.

3 Benefits of Shallot Skin for Plants and How to Use It

Do you often throw away the skin of the onion after use? Yes, some of us will usually immediately make onion skins because they are considered useless.

In fact, the fact is that onion skin has various benefits, you know, especially for plants. Citing Balcony Garden, onion skin contains substances or compounds that are beneficial for plants. The substances in question are potassium, iron, magnesium, to copper.

Here are some of the benefits of onion skin for plants :

what are the benefits of onion peel for plants? Citing various sources, here are the benefits of onion skin for plants:
  1. Accelerates plant growth and development
  2. Make plant stems stronger
  3. Encourage plants to flower and bear fruit
  4. Prevents flower and fruit loss in plants
  5. Increase the yield of a crop
  6. Improve the quality of crop yields
  7. Increase resistance to pests and diseases
Well, so that these benefits can be obtained optimally by plants, then you must also process the onion skin properly.

1. As liquid organic fertilizer (POC)

The content of nutrients in the onion skin such as Potassium (K), Magnesium (Mg), Phosphorus (P), and Iron (Fe) can be used as liquid organic fertilizer to fertilize plants.

2. As a growth regulator (ZPT)

Onion skin contains the hormones auxin and gibberellins. Both are growth hormones so the onion skin can be used as a growth regulator (ZPT).

3. As a vegetable pesticide

The content of acetogenin compounds in the onion skin can make the onion skin a vegetable pesticide. Also read: Tricks to Make Antibacterial Spray from Garlic Application of vegetable pesticides from onion skins on plants can cause disruption of the digestive organs of insect pests that attack plants.

How to use onion skin is very easy, namely by mixing ± 100 grams of onion skin into ± 500 ml of water. Leave the soak for 24 hours and strain before applying. The dregs of the remaining soaked onion skin can be used as solid fertilizer by mixing it in the planting medium. The use as a vegetable pesticide can be directly applied by spraying onion skin soaking water on all parts of the plant that are attacked by pests such as the top and bottom of the leaves. Meanwhile, for use as POC and ZPT, it can be done by mixing the onion skin soaking water and rice washing water in a ratio of ± 500 ml of onion skin soaking water mixed with ± 500 ml of rice washing water, after mixing well, it can be directly sprinkled onto the plants. The addition of rice washing water is useful for adding some nutrients and bacteria needed by plants.

5 Ways to Make Vegetables Fertile Again, Can With Natural Ingredients

Caring for vegetables is certainly not easy because the slightest mistake can cause the vegetables at home to wither and die. Learning how to care for plants can be a fun activity. When you succeed in making plants thrive, of course, it can be a joy in itself. If your plants start to wilt, don't be sad right

You can fertilize it again with easily available fertilizer substitutes. These ingredients can even be found in mom's kitchen. What are they?

1. Sprinkle seasoning

So far, flavoring is only known to be useful for adding to the taste of food. However, you need to know that flavoring or commonly called vetsin can also fertilize plants. You just needs to sprinkle a little vetsin on the surface of the growing media. Then, water the plants with clean water little by little so that the vetsin seeps into the soil.

You can repeat this method at least once a week to fertilize the plants again.

2. Using onion skin

In addition to flavoring, You can also use other ingredients in the kitchen, namely onions and garlic. You should not throw away the remaining peeled onion and garlic because the onion skin can help fertilize the plant. You need to soak the remaining peeled onion skin in enough water for one night. Then, pour the water on the plants that are starting to wither.

Leave the onion skin in the water bath in the planting medium to make the plants thrive.

3. Using banana peel

Many people already know that banana peels are useful for fertilizing plants, especially plants that have withered or the flowers never bloom. The method is also easy, you only need to store the banana peel for a few days until it looks brown and dry.

Next, place the banana peel in the planting medium to help the plants thrive again. You can also finely mash the banana peel until soft, then sprinkle it every morning and evening on the plants.

4. Spread the tea dregs

The next ingredient in the kitchen that can be used to fertilize plants is tea dregs. If you like to drink tea every morning, you shouldn't throw away the rest of the dregs right away. You can put the tea dregs in the planting medium to fertilize the plants. If necessary, you can immerse the tea grounds into the soil to make it easier for plant roots to absorb.

If you use tea bags, then first open the wrapping paper and sprinkle the pulp on the planting medium.

5. Sprinkle egg shells

For You who likes to eat eggs, don't throw away the shell anymore. Because, egg shells can be used to repel pests as well as fertilize plants.

The method is also easy, which only needs to be cleaned, crushed, then spread around the plant. Plant pests such as slugs will stay away from plants for fear of their bodies being injured by egg shells.

After reading the information above, what do you think? You apparently only need simple ingredients to make plants fertile again. Easy isn't it?

8 Benefits of Onion Skin for Health and Beauty, Don't Throw It away

Shallots are arguably the most popular kitchen spice in the world and are almost always in any recipe. If there is no onion, it's like something is missing from the taste of the dish. Even onions today are not only used as kitchen spices but also as side dishes such as spicy onions or crispy onions that are widely sold in the market.

Using onions as a flavor enhancer in cooking is commonplace, but what if it turns out that onion skin can also be useful for maintaining a healthy body? Did you know that onion skin has a fairly high nutritional content? These are the benefits of onion skin : 

1. Adding Nutrients to Food

When onion skins and garlic are added to soups, stews, or broths, the flavors and nutrients in the dish are enhanced. In order not to be swallowed, you can filter the gravy after using the onion skin as a food mixture.

2. Add Extra Vitamins

You can mix some onion skins when cooking rice. The goal is to add extra vitamins. Don't forget to remove the onion skin after the rice is cooked, Moms, so you don't swallow it.

3. Overcoming Muscle Cramps

The first benefit of onion skin is that it is useful for overcoming muscle cramps. The trick put a tablespoon of onion peel in a cup of hot water and let it soak. Drink the water before dinner to treat muscle cramps.

4. Caring for Hair Health

The next benefit of onion skin is to maintain healthy hair. The method is very easy, just make your own natural hair conditioner by mixing onion skin and a cup of warm water. Apply it to your hair and leave it on for 5-10 minutes before rinsing it off with cold water.

In addition to nourishing hair, it turns out that onion skin can also be used as a mask mixed with honey. The mask will then be applied to the roots of the hair and gently massaged into the scalp. Leave it for 60 minutes, then wash it off and see the results.

5. Lowering Blood Pressure

Experts reveal onion skin contains antioxidants. The antioxidant compound in onion skin is quercetin. This compound is believed to lower high blood pressure and can prevent blockages in the arteries.

6. Relieve Skin Disorders

Besides being good for hair health, it turns out that onion skin can also be used to relieve skin disorders such as treating papules, pustules, pus, and skin disorders. How to get the benefits of this onion skin by applying the mixture on the affected area and let it soak for 5 minutes. Then wash it off with cold water.

7. Maintain Cardiovascular System

Other benefits of onion skin can help maintain a strong cardiovascular system and reduce the risk of developing brain diseases. This is none other than the skin of the onion containing quercetin which is an antioxidant that can help fight allergies. Onion skin can also help lower cholesterol, blood pressure, strengthen muscles, fight inflammation, and kill cancer cells.

8. Lowers Blood Sugar

The benefits of a red onion skin are then able to lower blood sugar. In addition, the pigment in the plant can prevent blood clots and reduce inflammation.

To feel the benefits of onion skin, the method is very easy, just you can put the onion skin that has been washed clean into the water while cooking. The aroma of the food produced will be fragrant and the benefits of onion skin can be felt by the body.

5 Benefits of Tea Dregs for Face

Usually, the tea dregs are thrown away immediately after use in one steeping. But did you know that apart from drinking, it turns out that tea dregs can also be used for facial treatments? There are many hidden benefits of tea dregs that are not widely known to the public. Check out the benefits of the following tea dregs:

1. Remove Acne

Have you tried various skin care products but the acne won't go away? It's time to try natural ingredients to get rid of acne, namely tea dregs. The EGCG in tea has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial properties so that it can get rid of acne gradually. Simply apply the tea dregs on the skin with acne, then let stand for about an hour, and rinse with clean water. Do this simple treatment every day until the acne is completely gone.

2. Prevents Premature Aging

Everyone wants to have firm and youthful skin. Various skin care products with anti-aging benefits can help you have youthful skin. If there are natural ingredients that are cheaper, why waste a lot of money on expensive skincare? Tea dregs are natural ingredients that are effective in preventing premature aging. You only need to use these tea dregs as a face mask every day. Just let the tea dregs dry on the skin, then rinse thoroughly. If you do this treatment every day, your skin will be firmer and free of fine wrinkles. The antioxidant content in tea will improve skin tissue and elasticity.

3. Reduces Excess Oil on the Face

Oily skin will give a shiny impression on the face. As a result, the face always looks dull and makeup easily fades. To control oil production, use tea dregs as a face mask. The content of polysaccharide compounds contained in tea works by regulating the balance of sugar levels that affect the production of sebum glands, which function to produce oil on the face.

4. Remove Panda Eyes

In addition to moisturizing the skin and treating acne, tea dregs can also get rid of panda eyes. Having panda eyes can detract from your everyday appearance. Panda eyes are caused by lack of sleep duration, fatigue, excessive crying, allergies, dehydration, and many more. Maybe panda eyes can be disguised with the use of cosmetics, such as eye cream, foundation, or powder. However, it is better if you can get rid of the panda eyes. Using tea dregs might be a solution to get rid of panda eyes.

5. Cleanses and Cools the Skin

The benefit of tea dregs for the next face is that it can clean and cool the skin. Tea contains antibacterial properties that can be used to clean the face. Use tea dregs to wash your face every day in the morning or before going to bed at night. If you do this regularly, your face will always be clean. Furthermore, tea dregs also contain anti-inflammatory which serves to refresh the face. The method is quite easy, namely by using tea dregs water for the face by compressing it. Use a cloth or cotton swab and soak it in rancid tea water left overnight. Then, apply it on the face as a conditioner for facial skin.

Don't Throw it Away, These are 5 Benefits of Tea Dregs for Gardens

If you often consume tea bags, don't throw away the tea dregs! This is because the dregs of used tea bags can be used as organic fertilizers that can fertilize plants. The tea bag dregs contain high nitrogen and caffeine which can provide fertility to plants. In addition, tea dregs also function to repel pests, especially plant-disturbing insects.

Just like coffee grounds, the tannic acid in tea leaves can neutralize the PH content in the soil, this will certainly make plants thrive. Here are 5 benefits of tea dregs for gardening.

1. As a Material for Making Compost Fertilizer

The nitrogen content in tea dregs can be used to make compost at home. Besides having a variety of nutrients, tea dregs can also attract the attention of good bacteria. So tea dregs are good if used for compost. It should be noted, that when friends are going to put it in the container, don't forget to open the bag first. Because these bags can interfere with the composting process.

2. Repel Plant Pests

Ornamental plants affected by pests and diseases? Friends can use tea dregs to overcome it. There are two ways that can be used, namely by brewing and by sowing directly on ornamental plants. For the first brewed method, the first step that needs to be done is to brew the tea dregs with hot water. Then, pour the steeping tea water onto the ornamental plants affected by the pests.

3. Fertilize Vegetables

Tea waste turns out to contain a variety of nutrients such as carbohydrates, minerals, nitrogen, and other nutrients. These three nutrients, it turns out, can be used to accelerate the growth and development of ornamental plants. How to use it, friends only need to open the tea bag first. Then, sprinkle the tea dregs onto the planting medium. In addition to accelerating growth, tea dregs are also beneficial for improving soil structure and feeding worms in the soil.

4. Repel Mushrooms

In addition to repelling pests, tea dregs can also be used to repel fungi attached to ornamental plants. This is because tea contains antibacterial substances, so it can be used to repel fungus. How to use it, mix tea dregs, water, and chamomile flowers. Then, place the solution in a spray container.

5. Make rose plants fertile

Roses are very fond of tea leaves. You can use tea grounds to encourage the growth of roses. This will stimulate the growth of roses so that they flower often.

Benefits and Dosage of Giving Vetsin for vegetables

There are various ways that one can do to make plants thrive, one of which is using Vetsin, aka flavoring or Monosodium Glutamate (MSG). Giving Vetsin, or known as Vetsinwith one of Ajinomoto's products, for example, can actually fertilize vegetables. The most pleasant effect is that the plants are more diligent in flowering.

In full, giving Vetsin to plants has the following list of benefits below:

  1. Stimulates plants to thrive.
  2. Speed up the flowering process.
  3. Increases water content in plants.
  4. Plants are stronger against disease.

Of the four benefits, what makes Vetsin a nutritious ingredient for plants? Yes, Vetsin contains glutamic acid, sodium benzoate, and water. These three ingredients can make your ornamental plants productive in their growth.

Well, the nutrients in the planting medium need to be routinely given additional nutrients such as in Vetsin, namely sodium. How to give vetsin to flower plants, including the following:

1. Dissolved in water

A mixture of 5-6 grams of vetsin and 1 liter of water can be sprinkled on plants. Make sure the vetsin is completely dissolved before pouring it. What needs to be considered is the volume of watering of the vetsin mixture on each plant.

Each plant, preferably, only water as much as 100 milliliters of vetsin solution. If it is not optimal, the benefits will not be optimal, but if it is too much it can make the plant wilt and turn yellow.

2. Directly sow

The second way to give vetsin  to plants is directly sown. The dose of vetsin is as much as a teaspoon. Try to sprinkle evenly or not only on one side. By sprinkling evenly, it makes it easier for the vetsin to be absorbed by the planting medium.

3. Spray on the leaves

It is no different from the first method, namely by dissolving the vetsin with water and then spraying it on the plants. The difference is, that this method is sprayed on the leaves. The dose is also different, namely the ratio of 4 grams of vetsin dissolved in 1 liter of water.

Besides providing vetsin to help the growth and flowering process, it is still necessary to give regular fertilizers to the growing media. Don't forget to pay attention to the humidity level of the growing media.

6 Benefits of Vetsin for Plants - Fast Growing and Fertile

Vetsin aka Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) is known as a cooking ingredient. It turns out that there are benefits of Vetsinfor plants. Because this one kitchen spice contains salt and sugar that can strengthen the taste of food. MSG itself is a type of sodium salt or sodium in the form of crystals and is made from glutic acid. Not only used for flavoring food, but Vetsin is also useful for many plants. One of them is by making it an environmentally friendly fertilizer that can fertilize plants.

The benefits of Vetsin for plants are many. Read more in the following review. 

1. As Plant Fertilizer

The benefit of Vetsin for the first plant is that it can be used as fertilizer, especially for Vegetables-type plants. Vetsin for vegetable plant fertilizer is referred to as environmentally friendly. This is because Vetsinin the form of crystals when dissolved in water will not change the color of the soil.

In addition, Vegetables that are given Vetsin as fertilizer will look healthier, fresher, and have lots of leaves. All of this is obtained because Vetsin contains C, H, O, and Na. 

2. Stimulates Plant Growth

The nitrogen compounds contained in Vetsin are also useful for stimulating the growth of leaves, branches, and stems of plants. The best time to give Vetsin is on plants that are two weeks old from planting. Na or nitrogen compounds in Vetsin are able to stimulate the growth of leaves, branches, and stems. You can give Vetsin to plants that are 2 weeks old from planting. If the plant is fruitful and then given Vetsin, it will affect the taste of the fruit.

3. Make the Leaf Color Greener

The benefits of Vetsin for plants are able to make the color of the leaves greener. The green substance or chlorophyll is made from glutamic acid. So, giving Vetsin solution to leaf ornamental plants (such as love wave plants for example) will make the leaf color greener, fresher, and more beautiful. However, this change in leaf color is not accompanied by an increase in the number of leaves. To increase the number of leaves, other special care is needed and fertilizer application.

4. Disease Resistant Plants

The next benefit of Vetsin for plants is to make them more resistant to disease. The potassium content in Vetsinwill makes plants able to increase disease resistance. Potassium can also regulate the opening and closing of stomata which affect the increase in photosynthesis and metabolism in plants.

5. Fast Flowering Plants

The benefit of Vetsin for the next plant is that it can accelerate flowering. Especially if given to ornamental plants, which are usually awaited flowers. Vetsin can accelerate flowering in ornamental plants and vegetables. This fast flowering process is influenced by the sodium contained in the Vetsin. It is known that if the plants flower more, the fruit will also increase. But keep in mind once again, giving Vetsin is not recommended for plants that are fruiting.

6. Increase Water Content

Vetsin aka monosodium glutamate can increase water content in plants. MSG plays a role in preventing plants from lack of water. So if you give Vetsin to your ornamental plants, then the water content will certainly increase and make them look fresher and greener.

Despite having a series of benefits above, the use of  Vetsin for plants should not be excessive because it can cause leaves to burn, scorch, and dying tissue, especially on the outer edges of the leaves.

How to Make Liquid Fertilizer from Egg Shells

Most of us throw away the eggshell immediately after the contents are taken. However, did you know that the egg shells we usually throw away are a good source of nutrients for plants? 

Egg shells are a rich source of calcium and contain 2.2 grams of calcium in the form of calcium carbonate. This is twice the amount of calcium an adult human needs per day.

How to Make Eggshell Liquid Fertilizer

  1. Boil a gallon of water.
  2. add 10 eggshells that have been washed and dried into it.
  3. For a more potent fertilizer, add 20 egg shells.
  4. After that, cool and leave overnight.
  5. Strain the water and separate it from the shell.
  6. Water the plants with concentrated water to provide additional nutrients.
  7. Fertilize once a week for best results.

Benefits of Eggshell Liquid Fertilizer

The content of calcium carbonate (CaCo3) in egg shells is very good for plants. As described in a paper in the Annals of Botany, if plants don't get enough calcium, they can experience some problems with their growth. In watermelon plants, peppers and tomatoes, for example, can cause flower rot. For leaf vegetables, leaf growth will be slow or turn brown.

Another advantage of using liquid eggshell fertilizer, there are no negative side effects for plants and for you. This is different from using synthetic fertilizers made from chemicals. You may experience poisoning or skin allergies if you use too much chemical fertilizer.

Even in plants, growth can be disrupted if the use of synthetic fertilizers is not done wisely. In fruit and vegetable harvests using organic fertilizers such as eggshell fertilizer, it can be safely consumed without worrying about residues from chemicals that stick to the surface of the plant or are absorbed during its growth period.

Want to Make your own Fertilizer at Home? Check out the Following Steps

As one of the important ingredients for caring for plants, fertilizer needs to be given regularly. The safest fertilizer to use for the long term and in the household is organic fertilizer. There are two types of organic fertilizer forms can be in the form of liquid and solid. Both can also be made yourself with natural ingredients that you have at home.

Most of the compost that comes from kitchen waste is organic waste consisting of vegetable and fruit waste. Organic waste is waste that can be decomposed. With proper processing, this waste can be a useful fertilizer for your plants. how to make organic fertilizer from kitchen waste : 

  1. Collect your household waste. Make sure the waste has been separated between organic and non-organic. The waste that will be used to make fertilizer is organic waste. For vegetable waste, use vegetables that have not gone through the cooking process.
  2. Chop organic waste into 1-2cm size. then put it in a big bucket.
  3. Leave the trash to rot. For the decomposition process, you can let the garbage decompose by itself or speed up the process by using an EM4 solution. This solution can be obtained at various stores that sell farming needs.
  4. Close the bucket that contains the organic waste earlier. Add the putrefaction solution each time you put new trash in the bucket. Place it in a shady place.
  5. Stir the bucket regularly every 3 days so that the mixture is evenly distributed.
  6. Leave the bucket of organic waste for about 2 weeks, until the composting process occurs. In the end, there will be two types of fertilizers, liquid fertilizers, and solid fertilizers.
  7. Before being used as a fertilizer or planting medium, solid compost must first be dried by aerating. Meanwhile, the liquid can be used directly on plants.
  8. Compost liquid is mixed with water in a ratio of 1:5. If the compost liquid emits an unpleasant odor, it can be mixed with whiting which has been dissolved in water.

Which to Choose, Chemical Fertilizer or Organic Fertilizer?

Very rarely and perhaps very few farmers are aware that plants need organic matter for their survival. Not a few farmers think that if you use a lot of chemical fertilizers, you will get a lot of results. At this time there are a lot of actors (farmers) who use chemicals for fertilization and have a tendency to give more chemical fertilizers because the expected yield is high but from time to time instead of increasing, it is decreasing.

Fertilizers for plants aim to provide additional nutrients so that they can fertilize and accelerate plant growth. Currently, there are many fertilizers circulating in various forms. Starting from granular, flour, to liquid. One type of fertilizer that is often used is chemical fertilizer.

Chemical Fertilizer

Chemical fertilizers are fertilizers that are made chemically or are also often referred to as artificial fertilizers. Chemical fertilizers can be divided into single chemical fertilizers and compound chemical fertilizers. Single chemical fertilizers only contain one type of nutrient, while compound chemical fertilizers contain complete nutrients. n Chemical fertilizers that are often used include Urea and ZA for N: TSP, DSP, and ZA for P: Kcl or MOP for K. While compound fertilizers are usually made by mixing single fertilizers. The composition of nutrients varies depending on the producer and commodity.

Organic fertilizer

Organic fertilizers are made from organic or natural ingredients. Ingredients that include organic fertilizers include manure, compost, vermicompost, peat, seaweed, and guano. Based on the form, organic fertilizers can be grouped into solid organic fertilizers and liquid organic fertilizers. Some people also classify mined fertilizers such as dolomite, natural phosphate, kiserite, and also ash (which is rich in K) as organic fertilizers. Some of the organic fertilizers that are processed by the factory, for example, are blood meal, bone meal, and fish meal. Liquid organic fertilizers include compost tea, plant extracts, fermented liquid livestock waste, fermented plants, and others.

Organic fertilizers contain complete nutrients. Even in organic fertilizers, there are also other organic compounds that are beneficial for plants, such as humic acid, fulfat acid, and other organic compounds. However, the nutrient content is low. Based on my experience, there is no organic fertilizer that has a high nutrient content or equal chemical fertilizers.

Organic fertilizer

Another name for biofertilizer is biofertilizer. Some also call it a bio-fertilizer. Whatever the name of the biological fertilizer can be interpreted as a living fertilizer. Actually, the name of the fertilizer is not suitable, because biological fertilizers do not contain nutrients. Biofertilizers do not contain N, P, and K. The content of biological fertilizers is micro-organisms that have a positive role on plants. Microbes that are often used are microbes that fix N from the air, microbes that dissolve nutrients (especially P and K) microbes that stimulate plant growth.

The use of organic fertilizers also aims to restore the health of the land used, so that it will not become dead land after agricultural activities have been running for so many years. So what's the difference between organic and non-organic fertilizers?

1. Nutrient Content

Organic fertilizer has a fairly complete content of its macronutrients or its micronutrients although the nutritional content in each organic fertilizer is different in terms of content and composition.

In chemical fertilizers, there are only a few nutrients but the content is more and the levels and compositions are definite

2. Absorption of nutrients and nutrients

The nutrient content that is still in complex bonds makes it easy for plants to absorb these nutrients in the long run

In chemical fertilizers, nutrients can be absorbed easily in a short period of time but these substances can be easily lost from the soil due to erosion

3. Effect of reaction on soil and plants

The reaction of plants to natural fertilizers is quite slow so it can be used in the long term. Its durable nature can make the soil loose and increase the soil's ability to store water so that later soil fertility can be maintained

Chemical fertilizers that contain chemicals will give a very fast reaction to plants but this is not good in the long term because it can reduce soil fertility and is not good for soil structure

4. Effective use

Organic fertilizers can trigger the development of microbiota in the soil. The rapidly growing soil microbiota can make the soil rich in microbiota so that it can provide nutrients continuously because of the nature of the microbiota that describes a number of important nutrients for plants.

The use of chemical fertilizers can cause the death of microbiota it can lead to less fertile soil

5. Health benefits

The use of organic fertilizers is relatively safer and healthier because it is composed of organic materials.

Meanwhile, the use of chemical fertilizers containing inorganic synthetic compounds is suspected to be not good for the body when used on food crops in excess

7 Benefits of Coffee Grounds for Plants, Can Be Fertilizer to Repel Pests

Coffee grounds turn out to have various benefits after being served. Some of them are used as face masks, bath scrubs, and even to clean household appliances. However, coffee turns out to also be able to nourish plants, do you know?

Like fertilizer, coffee is effective enough to be part of composting and keep certain pests away. Reporting from The Spruce, coffee grounds contain about 1.45% nitrogen. They also contain magnesium, calcium, potassium, and other minerals.

Here are 7 Benefits of Coffee Grounds for Plants

The high levels of phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, and copper in coffee grounds will be good nutrients for the soil. With good soil quality, of course, plants can grow better.

1. Compost

Dried coffee grounds can be used as a compost mixture. But this only applies to pulp from natural coffee without any mixture. Making compost from coffee grounds is not so complicated, just use organic materials such as leftover cooking vegetables or food, tubers, and fallen leaves. You can also use stale bread, unused fruit skin, or egg shells, then mix it with dry coffee grounds.

Citing Healthline, a study proves that composted coffee grounds and kitchen waste contain nutrients that are better for plants than compost made with waste alone. This is because the nitrogen gas content in coffee grounds is relatively high, thus improving the quality of the compost. In addition, compost with 40 percent coffee content produces the least greenhouse gas emissions and is claimed to be the best quality compost and has economic value.

2. Increase Nitrogen Content

One of the benefits of coffee grounds for plants is that it increases the nitrogen content of the soil. That way, plants will be easier to grow, flower, and then bear fruit. These properties are obtained during the processing of coffee beans into coffee powder.

3. Repel pests

Coffee grounds are useful as midges for pests, such as naked snails and snails. Both of these animals can inhibit the process of plant growth because they like to eat fruit and leaves. According to research, caffeine is toxic to snails. By spreading coffee grounds, it can be a plant barrier so that the slimy animals don't want to come close and even breed.

4. Food for earthworms

Worms love coffee grounds! Just don't add too much at once, because the acidity can irritate earthworms. A cup or more of powder per week is perfect for earthworms. In addition to using coffee grounds for worms, it will also be more attractive to your plants and can be used as a fertilizing medium for plants.

5. Coffee grounds as a mulch

As organic material that can rot over time, coffee grounds are useful as mulch or plant protection beds, reports The Spruce. The advantages of using organic mulch from coffee are that it can prevent erosion, retain moisture content, maintain soil temperature humidity, and suppress the growth of weeds and disease.

6. Coffee grounds as liquid fertilizer

The benefits of coffee grounds for the next plant are used as fertilizer. Yes, coffee grounds or coffee grounds can apparently also be turned into a good liquid fertilizer for plant growth. The trick, mix coffee grounds with water, let it soak overnight, then apply liquid coffee fertilizer to the stems and leaves using a sprayer.

7. Foliar Fertilizer

If you have plants that need care, especially in the leaves and stems, a coffee grounds solution can be the right choice. The method is very easy, mix coffee grounds into a container of water. Then use the mixture as a spray for your plants. Spray this solution all over the plant, including the undersides of the leaves. Experts believe that coffee grounds nourish plants better so they can increase the vigor of your plants.

8. Accelerate Oyster Mushroom Growth

Coffee grounds are needed when growing oyster mushrooms. Most people grow oyster mushrooms on pasteurized straw. Now, to make it easier, just prepare a container with soil, give some mushroom seeds, and add coffee grounds on top.

9. Brighten flower color

Coffee grounds can produce brighter flower colors and leafy leaves. This is because the neutral pH level provides a source of nutrients so plants thrive. Adding coffee grounds to azaleas, rhododendrons, holly, hortensia, and lily of the valley can brighten the color of the flowers and produce healthy leaves.

Those are 9 benefits of coffee grounds for plants that you can try at home. Especially if you intend to start gardening naturally without chemicals.

5 Content of Coffee Grounds Claimed to be Beneficial for Plant Health

We all know that this coffee drink has many benefits, this is why this drink is not only delicious but also has many fans, it is not only beneficial for the health of the body when it becomes a drink when it becomes coffee grounds it still has benefits, one of which is nutrition for plants.

As we know, plants need nutrients that are absorbed from the soil to grow, one of which is nitrogen. The following is complete information about the 5 content of coffee grounds for plant fertility.

1. Nitrogen

The amount of nitrogen and phosphorus in coffee grounds organic fertilizer can help your plants grow faster and thrive. In addition, if you use the fertilizer as a mixture of planting media, it can stimulate faster root growth. How to make organic fertilizer from coffee grounds is very easy, you can make it yourself at home.

2. Caffeine

Naturally, coffee is high in caffeine. This caffeine substance is useful to help plants avoid damage caused by caterpillars or insects. However, the use of this coffee compost is only for plants from soils with high acid content. If it is not suitable, in addition to damaging the plant, it also has the potential to experience caffeine poisoning and fail to grow.

3. Acid

Coffee content contains acidic substances that are useful for accelerating the composting process in the soil. While the soil as a growing medium contains lime which is alkaline. So, it can be balanced because it is acidified with acid in coffee grounds.

4. Mineral

The main mineral content of coffee deposits is calcium, potassium, iron, phosphorus, and chromium, which are very favored by earthworms. Earthworms that get healthy nutrition can fertilize plants. On the other hand, mineral content is also needed in the process of plant growth.

5. Neutral pH

The pH level of 6.9 in coffee grounds is called neutral. This neutral pH state is an additional source of energy and nutrients to thrive. While coffee grounds compost used on flower plants can produce healthy leaves and brighter flower colors.

8 Benefits of EggShells for Plants, Here's the List

When processing eggs into food, many of us may immediately throw away the shells because they are considered no longer useful. In fact, egg shells have a myriad of benefits, especially for plants. Well, instead of just throwing it away and becoming garbage, it's a good idea to use eggshells on plants in your home.

Egg shells have many benefits for plants, such as being able to make plants fertile, free from pests, and even being a place where they grow! If you still don't believe it, just take a look at the various benefits of egg shells for plants below!

In this article, we will explain further the benefits of eggshells and how to make fertilizer from eggshells, let's look at the following explanation!

Benefits of Egg Shells for Plants 

Eggshell is one of the household waste that is easy to find every day. It is even known that the production of chicken egg shells per year reaches 150,000 tons. Come on, see more about the benefits of eggshells for plants!

1. Very good for plant compost

Egg shells are excellent for composting. Apart from being easy to break, egg shells can also add a good dose of calcium for plants. However, make sure that the egg shells are dry before putting them in the compost, ladies. The goal is not to attract pests or other unwanted creatures. Also, if you have worm compost, you can add egg shells to the compost to maintain the pH level.

2. As a container for seedlings

Egg shells that have been removed can be used as a medium for seedlings. The eggshell allows it to provide the nutrients needed for the germination process and also for the plant growth process. In addition, using egg shells, also makes it easier to transfer to the land. We can move plants that are sown on eggshells by slightly crushing the eggshell and then inserting it into the planting hole.

3. As a substitute for dolomite lime

The function of giving dolomite lime is to increase the acidity of the soil to a neutral pH. Soil with an acidic pH can affect the availability of nutrients in the soil and also interfere with the activity of microorganisms in the soil.

Acidic soil can bind nutrients such as phosphorus (P) which is strongly bound by aluminum (Al) and iron (Fe) so that it cannot be absorbed by plants. The addition of dolomite lime can increase soil pH because dolomite lime contains calcium (Ca) elements so a chemical reaction occurs which is an exchange of ions in the soil colloid and is able to increase soil pH.

4. Pest and Disease Control

Who would have thought that we could use eggshells to control plant pests? Egg shells that we throw away and are garbage can be used as vegetable pesticides. The content of egg shells that are rich in calcium can control plant pests such as snails, white pests, fleas, and beetles.

Pests that are exposed to eggshell powder will squirm, turn around, and then die. The application is very easy. We simply turn the egg shells into powder form and then sprinkle them directly on the target pests. We can also sprinkle it on plant parts that have been damaged and also on planting media to prevent these pests from damaging plants.

5. Prevents plant decay

Egg shells can be used to prevent the rotting of the flower tips of tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants. This rotting of the flower tips is usually caused by a lack of calcium. Well, egg shells have calcium that can be absorbed by plants.

If you want to use eggshells a prevention this decay, you can sprinkle the crushed eggshells into the ground hole before you plant the plants.

6. Dolomite Lime Substitute

Dolomite lime is given to plants to increase the acidity of the soil so that the pH in it becomes neutral. This is because soil with a pH that is too acidic can affect the availability of nutrients in the soil and interfere with the activity of microorganisms. Egg shells contain about 90% calcium. Therefore, it can be used as a substitute for dolomite lime.

7. Prevents animals from roaming around the plants

There are some animals that usually damage crops; such as chickens, stray cats, and others. Some of these animals, usually like to defecate around the plant and interfere with its growth. To prevent damage to plants, try sprinkling eggshell chips in areas where animals frequent. A rough egg shell will make the animal move away from the plant and find another place that is considered more comfortable.

8. Supplements for Roots

The benefit of eggshells for other plants is that they can flow nutrients to plants to the maximum. The trick, water the plants with liquid fertilizer with egg shells that have been crushed. The trick, take five egg shells and crush them until the texture becomes powder. Then, pour the boiling water mixture and cover then store in a dark place for 1-2 weeks. During the storage process, be sure to stir the mixture every day.

3 Ways to Use Coffee Grounds to Fertilize Plants - Easy To Do

Those of you who like to mix and sip coffee in the morning is likely to throw away the used coffee grounds. However, from now on it seems that you no longer throw away coffee grounds. Because coffee grounds have benefits such as compost and fertilizer for plants.

Because coffee grounds can be used as organic fertilizer. This is because the organic fertilizer content of coffee grounds is very good for any type of plant. For those of you who are curious about the content of organic coffee grounds fertilizer which is very good for plants, here are the details.

Content of Organic Fertilizer from Coffee Dregs

  • Nitrogen
  • Phosphor
  • Potassium (NPK)
  • Carbohydrate
  • Mineral

The amount of nitrogen and phosphorus in coffee grounds organic fertilizer can help your plants grow faster and thrive. In addition, if you use the fertilizer as a mixture of planting media, it can stimulate faster root growth. How to make organic fertilizer from coffee grounds is very easy, you can make it yourself at home, here is an explanation.

1. Pour the Coffee Grounds Directly into the Ground

Coffee grounds can also be sprinkled directly on the ground. This is the easiest and most practical way. Add coffee grounds directly to the soil in the garden. You can mix it with soil or sprinkle it on top of the soil and let it sit.

In smaller amounts, especially when mixed with dry ingredients, the coffee grounds will release nitrogen. Used coffee grounds are virtually non-existent in pH, so there shouldn't be any fear about them.

2. Mix Coffee Grounds with Soil used for Growing Crops

You can mix it with soil and let it sit. Coffee is a good source of nitrogen when added directly to the soil in the garden. Coffee grounds are especially suitable for plants that like acidities such as blueberries, rhododendrons, azaleas, and lilies, as well as various ornamental plants and other fruits. Coffee grounds sprinkled on top of the soil around acid-loving plants serve as a mild acid fertilizer for them.

Coffee grounds are also very popular with worms which are useful for loosening the soil. Coffee grounds can also prevent slugs from eating plants and damaging them. There are several ways to use coffee grounds to fertilize plants.

3. Used as Liquid Fertilizer

Besides being sown directly, you can use coffee grounds as liquid fertilizer. Add 2 cups of used coffee grounds to a 5-gallon bucket of water. Let this water soak for a few hours or overnight. You can use this herb as a liquid fertilizer for plants. Liquid fertilizer from coffee grounds can also be used to nourish the leaves. Use this liquid fertilizer spray to water and feed plant leaves.

You can also use leftover coffee to fertilize plants. However, making liquid fertilizer from steeping used dregs is not the same as using leftover coffee to water plants. Leftover coffee is more acidic and has other compounds in it that are removed from the coffee grounds.

Those are 3 ways to use coffee grounds to fertilize plants that you can try at home. Especially if you intend to start gardening naturally without chemicals. Not only more efficient, but this method can also make your garden healthier and grow more optimally.

How to Process Banana Peel into Organic Fertilizer

Fertilizer is the most basic nutrient for plants, after water. If plants get good nutrition from fertilizers, their growth and development will be optimal, the leaves will be bright green, the stems are sturdy, and the roots can absorb nutrients well.

However, the application of fertilizer to plants must also be considered, because the nutritional needs of plants vary, depending on the type. Fertilizers are divided into two, there are organic and chemical fertilizers. Both have advantages and disadvantages of each.

Chemical fertilizers have the advantage of having a quick impact on plants, but if used long-term, they can damage the nutrients in the soil. This is certainly not good for plants. On the other hand, organic fertilizer has the advantage of not destroying soil nutrients, but it takes time to have an impact on plants.

One of them is liquid organic fertilizer, namely liquid fertilizer from banana peels that we can make ourselves at home. The banana peel that will be made of organic fertilizer contains calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, and sulfur, so that this banana peel has a good ability to be used as organic fertilizer. If we use kepok banana peels as liquid fertilizer, then the nutrient content contained in the fertilizer is C-Organic by 0.55%, N-total 0.18%, P2O5 0.043%, K2O 1.137%, C/N 3, 06% and has a pH of 4.5. Here's how to make liquid fertilizer from banana peels for plants:

The materials needed are:

  1. Banana peel,
  2. Sugar,
  3. Clean water
  4. Used bottles
Manufacturing stage:

  1. First, first clean the used bottles that will be used
  2. Second, the banana peel is mashed in a blender. But if you don't have a blender, you can chop the banana peel into very very small pieces.
  3. Next, the granulated sugar is put into the bottle with the ratio of granulated sugar: bottle volume (1 spoon: 250 ml).
  4. The sugar is dissolved with clean water in the bottle (free water volume)
  5. The mashed banana peel is put into a used bottle that already contains a solution of granulated sugar.
  6. Next, water is added to the bottle up to the neck of the bottle.
  7. After that, the bottle can be tightly closed and after that, it is left for more than 7-10 days.
  8. The bottle cap is opened every day to allow the gas contained in the bottle to escape.
  9. Fertilizers can also be used directly on plants after being left for more than 7 days.

In addition, as a substitute for granulated sugar, EM4 can be used in the manufacture of this liquid fertilizer by:

  1. Prepare banana peel and water 1 kg: 1L.
  2. The banana peel is mashed and put into a container.
  3. Furthermore, the EM4 solution is mixed into the smooth banana peel and water that has been mixed well.
  4. This fertilizer is allowed to stand for 3-4 days.
  5. After that, fertilizer can be used by diluting it first, namely 1 L of water diluted with 5 L of water.

For its application, it can be used once every 2 weeks during the growth period. Easy isn't it? Let's use your kitchen waste wisely by utilizing the remaining kitchen waste.

Making Organic Fertilizer From Egg Shells

Most people throw away the eggshells, but that's the best part, at least for the plants. Instead of wasting this resource, consider using it to improve plantation soil, as eggshells are a good source of calcium for plants and make a great fertilizer. You can easily add minerals and nutrients to the soil using eggshells.

The chicken eggshell is a kitchen waste that has the potential to be utilized. Utilizing egg shells as organic fertilizer is still rarely known by the public.

The following is the nutritional content of eggshells

The nutritional content or composition of eggshells, in general, is water (1.6%) and dry matter (98.4%). Of the total dry matter, egg shells contain minerals (95.1%) and protein (3.3%). Based on mineral composition, egg shells are composed of CaCO3 (98.34%), MgCO3 (0.84%) and Ca3(PO4)2 (0.75%) (Yuwanta, 2010). Chang (2005), stated that the main composition of eggshells is calcite, which is a crystalline form of calcium carbonate (CaCO3). The average weight of an eggshell is about 5 grams and 40 percent of it is calcium. The amount of nutrient content in eggshell organic fertilizer is what makes fertilizers have more properties.

How to Make Organic Fertilizer from Eggshells

Before making organic fertilizer from eggshells, the first step is to prepare tools and materials. The main tool is a tool for crushing egg shells. For example, plastic bags and glass bottles, blenders, or crushers. In addition, prepare a basin for the container resulting from the collision of egg shells.
  1. Before pounding, wash the egg shells to avoid bacteria and dirt.
  2. After clean and dry, egg shells can be directly mashed until really smooth, or half smooth.
  3. Once smooth, it can be used as a mixture of planting media or used to sprinkle the soil around plants, especially plants in pots.

How to Use Organic Fertilizer from Eggshell

  1. Sprinkle one tablespoon of solid organic fertilizer into the planting medium.
  2. If the plant has a large trunk or tree, dig up the soil around the trunk 5 cm apart.
  3. Then, evenly sprinkle two tablespoons of organic fertilizer into the hole.
  4. After that, cover the organic fertilizer with soil again so that the fertilizer is quickly absorbed by the plant roots.
Make sure to do the above method once a week on a regular basis. Even though it is organic, fertilizing too often can actually burn plant roots.
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